Sterilization of Medical Waste
The process of making infected wastes harmless by exposing the infected wastes (medical wastes) to high pressure steam and temperature for a certain period of time is defined as sterilization. In other words, it is the process of inactivating microorganisms with moisture, heat and pressure.
In the disposal of medical wastes originating from health institutions; Sterilization of wastes with high heat and steam is the most effective method. The medical waste sterilization method recommended by the International Health Organization is a solution that is easy to use compared to incineration, the training of the staff is fast and the investment and operating costs are much lower.
According to the Medical Waste Control Regulation, it is obligatory to have a waste shredding mechanism as well as a sterilization autoclave in medical waste sterilization facilities. Medical waste shredders in the medical waste shredding unit are located at the end or in front of the sterilization section. If the medical waste shredding unit is used before the sterilization unit, this unit is also subjected to the sterilization process at the end of the process.